History of Algeria – Part I

Algeria is the third largest country in Africa after Egypt and Nigeria. It is the birthplace of Sheikh Bouamama, the last king of Morocco.

Algeria has a tropical climate; it is bordered by Tunisia to the north, by Libya to the west, by Morocco to the east, and by Sudan and Niger to the south. Algeria’s northern coast is covered by limestone plateaus. The Sahara Desert in Sahara Desert National Park is the most populated desert in the world.

The French Saharan Empire was established in the Horn of Africa in the 19th century. During the imperial period, the European powers controlled the areas which are now Algeria and Morocco.itizad makes up Algeria.

Paul Errorigh Tbcrak is a senior research fellow of the North-West Research Institute, Bonn, Germany. He has studied the history of Algeria.

An armed group calling for independence in Algeria has been operating since 1953. The unarmed group was established by a group of veteran Algeria soldiers who had fought against colonial rule in the French and now wanted their own independent country.

The Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRS) won a free elections in Algeria in December 1998. Presidential elections were held in1999, and Ahmed Bahri won with an 0.06% majority. The new constitution removed the remaining of the French colonial rule. Education, foreign languages, soccer and cricket are free. Algeria is a member of NATO.

Religious Affairs

There is a constitution, but it is not always carried out in practice. There were many bombing campaigns during the 1990s and many people were killed. There were also serious demonstrations. Democracy activists and trade unionists were frequently killed. In this situation, the religious affairs ministry considered it necessary to create ‘crusades’ in certain areas, in particular, in the south-west and the north-east. The ministry also considered it necessary to prevent the Algerians from freely mixing with the French and from owning land French colonists had previously possession of.

Algeria does not have divided into tribes mainly on the basis of tribalism. The largest tribes in Algeria are mixed. Most of the Arabs live in the south. The Germans and the Moslems reside in the north.

The Indians comprise of many tribes in rural and urban areas. In the south, there are many tribes of Arabs whose soil origin is Egypt. The British and the young men’s volunteers of World War I are the most numerous.

Social and economic life is basically based on the group. The young men flee from their homes every year in search of pasture, sheep and armed men. The main products of the group are cotton, dates, garlic, coffee, nettle, bark et al. Clothes are generally counted according to number of yards. Trousers, trousers, shirts are made of cotton twine.Women’s wear consisting of a full dress shirt and a decorated scarf called “hairy wreath” adorn the head of almost every woman. Children’s wear are perhaps the most colorful in the Arab dress.

In the picturesque part of Algeria near the Mediterranean, landscape features include the Riverine landscape, with its multi-colored palm trees in full or partial bloom. At the same time, east-west roads emerge from the forests on either side. This wide nursery of life is ideal for observing the birds and animals and also for gathering butterflies and some kinds of produce.

There are some other aspects of the country which have special significance for its women. One is the training of women chefs who can work at restaurants, hotels, fruit carts and cal import.Equally important is the part played by an au pair, usually an experienced woman, in the social and economic life of the country. Working as a domestic nurse or an auxiliaries, either in a family setting or in a workplace, woman have a part to play in both the public and private aspects of the Algerian scene.

In addition to the above-mentioned objectives, liberty and freedom of expression have been other principles in banishing Algeria from the feared axis of advance of colonialism. Throughout its long history, the Algerian woman has never been subjected to any constraints and has achieved true freedom and dignity. Algeria’s female inhabitants were also part of the general strike called by the military government in the spring of 1981 in an attempt to get back the country from the virtual state of anarchy and collapse that it had beenounded during the Nehruvian years. During those years, Algeria was relatively peaceful, but that was all about to change when the Reaganite aggression of the Indian Ocean in 1982.

Defane explained that the “striking Telegram” signed by her father effectively resigned Algeria and whereby his signer promise to her and the family that she would become the Head of State in October following a presidential election.